One-pot formation of SnO2 hollow nanospheres and alpha-Fe2O3@SnO2 nanorattles with large void space and their lithium storage properties.

Nanoscale

PubMedID: 20644851

Chen JS, Li CM, Zhou WW, Yan QY, Archer LA, Lou XW. One-pot formation of SnO2 hollow nanospheres and alpha-Fe2O3@SnO2 nanorattles with large void space and their lithium storage properties. Nanoscale. 2009;1(2):280-5.
In this work, uniform SnO(2) hollow nanospheres with large void space have been synthesized by a modified facile method. The void space can be easily controlled by varying the reaction time. The formation of interior void space is based on an inside-out Ostwald ripening mechanism. More importantly, this facile one-pot process can be extended to fabricate rattle-type hollow structures using alpha-Fe(2)O(3)@SnO(2) as an example. Furthermore, the electrochemical lithium storage properties have been investigated. It is found that alpha-Fe(2)O(3)@SnO(2) nanorattles manifest a much lower initial irreversible loss and higher reversible capacity compared to SnO(2) hollow spheres. This interesting finding supports a general hypothesis that a synergistic effect between functional core and shell materials can lead to improved lithium storage capabilities.