Interfacial entrapment of noble metal nanoparticles and nanorods capped with amphiphilic multiblock copolymer at a selective liquid-liquid interface.

Nanoscale

PubMedID: 20689876

Du B, Chen X, Zhao B, Mei A, Wang Q, Xu J, Fan Z. Interfacial entrapment of noble metal nanoparticles and nanorods capped with amphiphilic multiblock copolymer at a selective liquid-liquid interface. Nanoscale. 2010;2(9):1684-9.
An amphiphilic multiblock copolymer, [poly(4-vinylpyridine)-b-polystyrene-b-poly(4-vinylpyridine)](n) (P4VP-PS-P4VP)(n) bearing trithiocarbonate moieties (-S-CS-S-), was used as capping agent to fabricate the functional copolymer-capped Au nanoparticles. Due to the amphiphilic character of the multiblock copolymer, the (P4VP-PS-P4VP)(n)-capped Au nanoparticles were able to be entrapped and hence form a stable monolayer thin film at the (DMF-H(2)O)/diethyl ether interface. Note that DMF-H(2)O is a good mixed solvent for P4VP and a nonsolvent for PS, whereas diethyl ether is a good solvent for PS and a nonsolvent for P4VP. A similar procedure can be applied to prepare monolayer thin film of the (P4VP-PS-P4VP)(n)-capped Ag nanoparticles at the (DMF-H(2)O)/diethyl ether interface, which exhibits enhanced surface Raman signal. We further demonstrate that the stable monolayer of (P4VP-PS-P4VP)(n)-capped Au nanorods can also be fabricated by using the ligand-exchange method.