Cultural obstacles to the rollout of antiretrovirals: an exploratorycross-country analysis.

African journal of AIDS research : AJAR

PubMedID: 25860630

Nattrass N. Cultural obstacles to the rollout of antiretrovirals: an exploratorycross-country analysis. Afr J AIDS Res. 2010;9(3):261-9.
This article begins with an econometric analysis of potential socioeconomic determinants of highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) coverage. It shows that 'cultural' factors such as language diversity pose challenges to HAART coverage, but that the most important drivers of HAART coverage are: region (notably, living in the hyper-epidemic region of southern Africa) and access to government and donor funding. These economic determinants, however, are underpinned by a further cultural dimension-namely public and donor attitudes towards HIV/AIDS funding. The second part of the article turns to the issue of 'donor culture. ' It describes the sea change in attitudes which underpinned the growth in funding for HIV/AIDS and points to the growing backlash against HIV/AIDS funding in which claims are being made that HIV/AIDS has received a greater share of funding than warranted by its contribution to the overall disease burden, and that Africans themselves would prefer HIV/AIDS resources to be allocated to other development objectives. The article argues that neither assertion is supported by the available evidence and that opinion data from the Afrobarometer surveys suggest that high levels of support exist within Africa for continued spending on health and HIV/AIDS, even in the presence of other challenges.