Intradermal application of vitamin D3 increases migration of CD14+ dermal dendritic cells and promotes the development of Foxp3+ regulatory T cells.

Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics

PubMedID: 23291929

Bakdash G, Schneider LP, van Capel TM, Kapsenberg ML, Teunissen MB, De Jong EC. Intradermal application of vitamin D3 increases migration of CD14+ dermal dendritic cells and promotes the development of Foxp3+ regulatory T cells. Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2013;9(2):250-8.
The active form of vitamin D3 (VitD) is a potent immunosuppressive drug. Its effects are mediated in part through dendritic cells (DCs) that promote the development of regulatory T cells (Tregs). However, it remains elusive how VitD would influence the different human skin DC subsets, e. g. , CD1a(+)/langerin(+) Langerhans cells, CD14(+) DDCs and CD1a(+) DDCs upon administration through the skin route in their natural environment. We addressed this issue by intradermal (ID) administration of VitD in a human skin explant system that closely resembles physiological conditions. ID injection of VitD selectively enhanced the migration of CD14(+) DDCs, a subset known for the induction of tolerance. Moreover, ID injection of VitD repressed the LPS-induced T cell stimulatory capacity of migrating DCs. These migrating DCs collectively induced T cells with suppressive activity and abolished IFN-? productivity. Those induced T cells were characterized by the expression of Foxp3. Thus, we report the novel finding that ID injection of VitD not only modifies skin DC migration, but also programs these DCs in their natural milieu to promote the development of Foxp3(+) Tregs.