Fatigue testing of electron beam-melted Ti-6Al-4V ELI alloy for dental implants.

Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials

PubMedID: 23077086

Joshi GV, Duan Y, Neidigh J, Koike M, Chahine G, Kovacevic R, Okabe T, Griggs JA. Fatigue testing of electron beam-melted Ti-6Al-4V ELI alloy for dental implants. J Biomed Mater Res Part B Appl Biomater. 2013;101(1):124-30.
Customized one-component dental implants have been fabricated using Electron Beam Melting(®) (EBM(®)), which is a rapid prototyping and manufacturing technique. The goal of our study was to determine the effect of electron beam orientation on the fatigue resistance of EBM Ti-6Al-4V ELI alloy. EBM technique was used to fabricate Ti-6Al-4V ELI alloy blocks, which were cut into rectangular beam specimens with dimensions of 25 × 4 × 3 mm, such that electron beam orientation was either parallel (group A) or perpendicular (group B) to the long axis of the specimens. The specimens were subjected to cyclic fatigue (R = 0.1) in four-point flexure under ambient conditions using various stress amplitudes below the yield stress. The fatigue lifetime data were fit to an inverse power law-Weibull model to predict the peak stress corresponding to failure probabilities of 5 and 63% at 2M cycles (s(max, 5%) and s(max, 63%)). Groups A and B did not have significantly different Weibull modulus, m (p > 0.05). The specimens with parallel orientation showed significantly higher s(max, 63%) (p = 0.05), but there was no significant difference in the s(max, 5%) (p > 0.05). Thus, it can be concluded that the fatigue resistance of the material was greatest when the electron beam orientation was perpendicular to the direction of crack propagation.