Lithium enhances axonal regeneration in peripheral nerve by inhibiting glycogen synthase kinase 3ß activation.

BioMed research international

PubMedID: 24967390

Su H, Yuan Q, Qin D, Yang X, Wong WM, So KF, Wu W. Lithium enhances axonal regeneration in peripheral nerve by inhibiting glycogen synthase kinase 3ß activation. Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014658753.
Brachial plexus injury often involves traumatic root avulsion resulting in permanent paralysis of the innervated muscles. The lack of sufficient regeneration from spinal motoneurons to the peripheral nerve (PN) is considered to be one of the major causes of the unsatisfactory outcome of various surgical interventions for repair of the devastating injury. The present study was undertaken to investigate potential inhibitory signals which influence axonal regeneration after root avulsion injury. THE RESULTS
of the study showed that root avulsion triggered GSK-3ß activation in the injured motoneurons and remaining axons in the ventral funiculus.Systemic application of a clinical dose of lithium suppressed activated GSK-3ß in the lesioned spinal cord to the normal level and induced extensive axonal regeneration into replanted ventral roots. Our study suggests that GSK-3ß activity is involved in negative regulation for axonal elongation and regeneration and lithium, the specific GSK-3ß inhibitor, enhances motoneuron regeneration from CNS to PNS.