Ultrafast propagation of ß-amyloid fibrils in oligomeric cloud.

Scientific reports

PubMedID: 25376301

Ogi H, Fukukshima M, Hamada H, Noi K, Hirao M, Yagi H, Goto Y. Ultrafast propagation of ß-amyloid fibrils in oligomeric cloud. Sci Rep. 2014;46960.
Interaction between monomer peptides and seeds is essential for clarifying the fibrillation mechanism of amyloid ß (Aß) peptides. We monitored the deposition reaction of Aß(1-40) peptides on immobilized seeds grown from Aß(1-42), which caused formation of oligomers in the early stage. The deposition reaction and fibrillation procedure were monitored throughout by novel total-internal-reflection-fluorescence microscopy with a quartz-crystal microbalance (TIRFM-QCM) system. This system allows simultaneous evaluation of the amount of deposited peptides on the surface seeds by QCM and fibril nucleation and elongation by TIRFM. Most fibrils reached other nuclei, forming the fibril network across the nucleus hubs in a short time. We found a fibril-elongation rate two-orders-of-magnitude higher in an oligomeric cloud than reported values, indicating ultrafast transition of oligomers into fibrils.