Affinity of the interface between hydroxyapatite (0001) and titanium (0001) surfaces: a first-principles investigation.

ACS applied materials & interfaces

PubMedID: 25390283

Sun JP, Dai J, Song Y, Wang Y, Yang R. Affinity of the interface between hydroxyapatite (0001) and titanium (0001) surfaces: a first-principles investigation. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2014;6(23):20738-51.
A basic understanding of the affinity between the hydroxyapatite (HA) and a-Ti surfaces is obtained through electronic structure calculations by first-principles method. The surface energies of HA(0001), HA (011¯0), HA (101¯1), and Ti(0001) surfaces have been calculated. The HA(0001) presents the most thermodynamically stable of HA. The HA/Ti interfaces were constructed by two kinds of interface models, the single interface (denoted as SI) and the double-interface (denoted as DI). Two methods, the full relaxation and the UBER, were applied to determine the interfacial separation and the atomic arrangement in the interfacial zone. The works of adhesion of interfaces with various stoichiometric HA surfaces were evaluated. For the HA(0001)/Ti(0001) interfaces, the work of adhesion is strongly dependent on the chemical environment of the HA surface. The values are -2. 33, -1. 52, and -0. 80 J/m(2) for the none-, single-, and double-Ca terminated HA/Ti interfaces, respectively. The influence of atomic relaxation on the work of adhesion and interface separation is discussed. Full relaxation results include -1. 99 J/m(2) work of adhesion and 0. 220 nm separation between HA and Ti for the DI of 1-Ca-HA/Ti interface, while they are -1. 14 J/m(2) and 0. 235 nm by partial relaxation. ANALYSIS
of electronic structure reveals that charge transfer between HA and Ti slabs occurs during the formation of the HA/Ti interface.The transfer generates the Ti-O or Ti-Ca bonds across the interface and drives the HA/Ti interface system to metallic characteristic. The energetically favorable interfaces are formed when the outmost layer of HA comprises more O atoms at the interface.