Increased expression of the Th17-IL-6R/pSTAT3/BATF/Ror?T-axis in the tumoural region of adenocarcinoma as compared to squamous cell carcinoma of the lung.

Scientific reports

PubMedID: 25491772

Balabko L, Andreev K, Burmann N, Schubert M, Mathews M, Trufa DI, Reppert S, Rau T, Schicht M, Sirbu H, Hartmann A, Finotto S. Increased expression of the Th17-IL-6R/pSTAT3/BATF/Ror?T-axis in the tumoural region of adenocarcinoma as compared to squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. Sci Rep. 2014;47396.
Here we describe increased expression of IL6R in the tumoural region of lung tissue from patients affected by lung adenocarcinoma as compared to squamous cell lung carcinoma. Moreover, here we found increased IL6R in the tumour free part of the lung. By using a murine model of lung adenocarcinoma, we discovered that few lung tumour cells expressed IL-6R and CD4+CD25+Foxp-3+ T regulatory cells down-regulated IL-6R in the tumour bearing lungs. Downstream of IL-6R, the Th17 lineage-specification factors: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), Basic leucine zipper transcription factor, BATF and a protein encoded by the RORC in human (RAR-related orphan receptor C) (ROR?T), were also found induced in the tumoural region of lung tissue from patients affected by lung adenocarcinoma as compared to those carrying squamous cell carcinoma. Moreover, pSTAT3 protein was found phosphorylated and auto-phosphorylated in the tumoural region of patients with adeno cell carcinoma of the lung as compared to the tumoural region of patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. Intranasal application of anti-IL-6R antibodies in a murine model of lung adenocarcinoma, induced T regulatory cell markers such as Foxp3, Ctla4, Icos, Il10, Il21, Folr4 and Lag3 and inhibited Rorc in lung adenocarcinoma.