Associations of NR5A2 gene polymorphisms with the clinicopathological characteristics and survival of gastric cancer.

International journal of molecular sciences

PubMedID: 25514243

Zhang X, Gu D, Du M, Wang M, Cao C, Shen L, Kuang M, Tan Y, Huo X, Gong W, Xu Z, Chen J, Zhang Z, Tang C. Associations of NR5A2 gene polymorphisms with the clinicopathological characteristics and survival of gastric cancer. Int J Mol Sci. 2014;15(12):22902-17.
The orphan nuclear receptor (NR5A2), which belongs to the NR5A subfamily of nuclear receptors, is expressed in developing and adult tissues of endodermal origin, and can contribute to the development of several cancers through regulating cell proliferation. NR5A2 (rs3790843 and rs3790844) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotyping were examined in DNA samples, extracted from paraffin-embedded cancer tissue. Clinicopathologic and follow-up data were collected from 944 patients with gastric cancer (GC). Associations of the 2 SNPs with the progression and prognosis in gastric cancer patients were analyzed using the SPSS version 18. 0. We found that NR5A2 rs3790843 polymorphism was significantly associated with the risk of GC which had regional lymph node metastasis (p = 0. 044) or distant metastasis (p = 0. 020). Our results also indicated that rs3790844 polymorphism was associated with the increased overall survival (OS) of GC patients in the dominant model (GG vs. GA/AA, HR (hazard ratio) = 0. 823, 95% CI (confidence interval) = 0. 679-0. 997), suggesting a potential protective role of the variant A allele. Additionally, in the stratified analysis, both NR5A2 rs3790843 and rs3790844 polymorphism were associated with significantly lower risk of death in the groups of female, tumor size >5 cm in a dominant model. Our results represent the first demonstration that the NR5A2 rs3790844 polymorphism is associated with increased OS of GC patients in the dominant model, and similar results were found among the female group and tumor size >5 cm group for NR5A2 rs3790843 polymorphism. Further validation in other larger studies with different ethnic populations and functional evaluations are needed.