Glycogen in pancreatic islets of steroid diabetic rats. Carbohydrate histochemical detection and localization using an immunocytochemical technique.

Histochemistry

PubMedID: 7035407

Graf R, Klessen C. Glycogen in pancreatic islets of steroid diabetic rats. Carbohydrate histochemical detection and localization using an immunocytochemical technique. Histochemistry. 1982;73(2):225-32.
In the islets of the rat pancreas, steroid diabetes induced by triamcinolon-acetonid leads to degranulation of the B cells and glycogen infiltration. The glycogen cannot be satisfactorily detected using methods like the chromic acid technique according to Bauer, staining with Best's carmine, or the usually applied periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) reaction. Glycogen detection is improved, however, when lead tetraacetate is used in place of periodic acid as oxidizing agent. When combining the carbohydrate detection method with the peroxidase--antiperoxidase (PAP) method used for immunocytochemical detection of the various pancreatic islet hormones, paraffin sections reveal that glycogen is primarily localized in granulated B cells; the degranulated B cells also contain glycogen, though in smaller amounts. In contrast, the islet cells containing somatostatin, glucagon and pancreatic polypeptide are nearly free of glycogen.