Neuroinflammation and complexes of 17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 10--amyloid ß in Alzheimer's disease.

Current Alzheimer research

PubMedID: 23463935

Krištofiková Z, Rípová D, Bartoš A, Bocková M, Hegnerová K, Ricný J, Cechová L, Vrajová M, Homola J. Neuroinflammation and complexes of 17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 10--amyloid ß in Alzheimer's disease. Curr Alzheimer Res. 2013;10(2):165-73.
Multifunctional mitochondrial enzyme 17ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 10 plays a role in the development of Alzheimer's disease. However, changes in its expression in the brain or cerebrospinal fluid are not fully specific for this type of dementia. Our previous study revealed that complexes of the enzyme and amyloid ß in cerebrospinal fluid could serve as a more specific biomarker of Alzheimer's disease than either the enzyme or amyloid ß individually when compared to autoimmune multiple sclerosis. In this study, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the surface plasmon resonance biosensor method were used to analyse cerebrospinal fluid of patients with various neuroinflammatory diseases. Significant differences in the levels of the total enzyme, complexes, amyloid ß 1-42 and total t/phospho-t were found in Alzheimer's disease patients while differences in complexes, total amyloid ß and amyloid ß 1- 42 were observed in patients with neuroinflammatory diseases (except for multiple sclerosis) when compared to non-neuroinflammatory controls. The interactions of the enzyme with amyloid ß appeared to depend strongly on neuroinflammation-sensitive amyloid ß. Our data demonstrated that oligomerisation/aggregation of intracellular amyloid ß peptides was important in Alzheimer's disease while extracellular amyloid ß could play a role in neuroinflammatory diseases. Phospho-t is currently the best biomarker of Alzheimer's disease.