Motivation and Contingency Management Treatments for Substance Use Disorders.

Current topics in behavioral neurosciences

PubMedID: 25762429

Walter KN, Petry NM. Motivation and Contingency Management Treatments for Substance Use Disorders. Curr Top Behav Neurosci. 2016;.
Contingency management (CM) is a highly efficacious psychosocial treatment for substance use disorders based on the principles of behavioral analysis. CM involves delivering a tangible positive reinforcer following objective evidence of submission of a drug-negative urine sample. Although CM interventions primarily involve applying extrinsic rewards, a patient's intrinsic motivation to change substance use behavior may also be impacted by CM. This chapter provides an introduction to CM interventions for substance use disorders and examines the impact of CM on intrinsic motivation. It also addresses applications of this intervention to other conditions and patient populations.