Tailored Electrospinning of WO3 Nanobelts as Efficient Ultraviolet Photodetectors with Photo-Dark Current Ratios up to 1000.

ACS applied materials & interfaces

PubMedID: 25941863

He Z, Liu Q, Hou H, Gao F, Tang B, Yang W. Tailored Electrospinning of WO3 Nanobelts as Efficient Ultraviolet Photodetectors with Photo-Dark Current Ratios up to 1000. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015;7(20):10878-85.
In this work, polycrystalline WO3 nanobelts were fabricated via an electrospinning process combined with subsequent air calcination. The resultant products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy in regard to the structures. It has been found that the applied voltage during the electrospinning process played the determined role in the formation of the WO3 nanobelts, allowing the controlled growth of the nanobelts. The ultraviolet (UV) photodetector assembled by an individual WO3 nanobelt exhibits a high sensitivity and a precise selectivity to the different wavelength lights, with a very low dark current and typical photo-dark current ratio up to 1000, which was the highest for any WO3 photodectectors ever reported. This work could not only push forward the facile preparation of WO3 nanobelts but also represent, for the first time, the possibility that the polycrystalline WO3 nanobelts could be a promising building block for the highly efficient UV photodetectors.