[Family function among the bereaved in hard-hit areas 1 year after Wenchuan earthquake].

Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences

PubMedID: 23456078

Hu X, Li X, Li R, Dou X. [Family function among the bereaved in hard-hit areas 1 year after Wenchuan earthquake]. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban. 2013;38(2):202-7.
OBJECTIVE
To investigate the family function among the bereaved in hard-hit areas 1 year after Wenchuan earthquake and to provide basic information for family reconstruction.

METHODS
A cross-sectional study was used to survey 264 bereaved who were selected according to the criteria in hard-hit areas after Wenchuan earthquake.

RESULTS
The scores of family care function of the bereaved in hard-hit areas after Wenchuan earthquake were 6.52±2.65. Fifty percent of the participants' family kept in good state. The scores of the bereaved family cohesion ranged from 28 to 83 (64.22±9.18), and the scores of family adaptability ranged from 21 to 62 (41.84±6.62). There was no significant difference in the score of family cohesion between the bereaved family and the non-bereaved family (P>0.05). But the score of the family adaptability of the bereaved family was significantly lower than that of the non-bereaved family (P<0.05). The bereaved family types were as follows: 22.0% balanced type, 53.8% middle type and 24.2% extreme type. In the 16 family types, the "intimate-rigid" (24.6%), "intimate-regular" (19.7%) and "disengaged-rigid" (19.3%) type ranked the top three.

CONCLUSION
The family care function of the bereaved in hard-hit areas after Wenchuan earthquake is damaged to different degrees. The main type of family is the middle type. The loss of relatives reduces the participant family adaptability. In the late intervention, we should help the bereaved improve and enhance family function, and promote family reconstruction of the bereaved.