Atherosclerosis subclinical and inflammatory markers in obese and nonobese children and adolescents.

Revista brasileira de epidemiologia = Brazilian journal of epidemiology

PubMedID: 23515776

Silva LR, Stefanello JM, Pizzi J, Timossi LS, Leite N. Atherosclerosis subclinical and inflammatory markers in obese and nonobese children and adolescents. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2012;15(4):804-16.
We conducted a systematic review of intima-media thickness(IMT) and inflammatory markers, compared IMT and identified by meta-analysis related to EMI and inflammatory variables in obese and non-obese children and adolescents. We searched for articles in databases Pubmed, Bireme and Science Direct, during years 2000 to 2010, with the following key words in English: "obesity", "adolescents", "atherosclerosis" and "child ", They were used in two combinations: obesity + adolescents + atherosclerosis + child + obesity and atherosclerosis. We used meta-analysis to compare IMT between obese and non-obese patients. We carefully selected 16 articles for final analysis. There were differences in the thickness of IMT between obese and non-obese patients in 12 studies, confirmed by meta-analysis. Obese patients had concentrations of C-reactive protein higher in 13 articles analyzed (p < 0. 05) and lower adiponectin levels in 4 (p < 0. 05). In general, obese men had lower concentrations of adiponectin and higher values of IMT and C-reactive protein than non-obese men, showing the relationship between obesity and early inflammatory process. We concluded that there is a relationship of obesity with increased IMT and changes in concentrations of inflammatory markers in this phase.