Short Children with CHARGE Syndrome: Do They Benefit from Growth Hormone Therapy?

Hormone research in paediatrics

PubMedID: 26044035

Dörr HG, Boguszewski M, Dahlgren J, Dunger D, Geffner ME, Hokken-Koelega AC, Lindberg A, Polak M, Rooman R. Short Children with CHARGE Syndrome: Do They Benefit from Growth Hormone Therapy?. Horm Res Paediatr. 2015;.
AIM
The aim of this study was to evaluate the response to recombinant growth hormone (GH) treatment in short children with CHARGE syndrome.

PATIENTS
We identified 51 children (28 boys and 23 girls) in KIGS (Pfizer International Growth Database). The median chronological age was 7.6 years at the start of GH therapy and 13.2 years at the latest visit. Evaluation for GH deficiency (n = 33) was based on the following: peak GH level 7.3 µg/l and IGF-I level -2.01 standard deviation score (SDS). Sixteen subjects (9 boys) were followed longitudinally for 2 years.

RESULTS
Birth length (median SDS, -0.47) and weight (-0.97) were slightly reduced. At the start of GH therapy, height was -3.6 SDS, BMI -0.7 SDS, and the GH dose was 0.26 mg/kg/week. At the latest visit after 2.7 years of GH therapy, height had increased to -2.2 SDS and BMI to -0.5 SDS. In the longitudinal group, height increased from -3.72 SDS at the start of GH therapy to -2.92 SDS after 1 year to -2.37 SDS after 2 years of therapy (start - 2 years: p < 0.05), height velocity increased from -1.69 to 2.98 to 0.95 SDS, and BMI and GH dose (mg/kg/week) remained almost unchanged.

CONCLUSIONS
Our data show a positive effect of conventional doses of GH on short-term growth velocity for the longitudinal as well as for the total group, without any safety issues. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.