Machine learning classification of OARSI-scored human articular cartilage using magnetic resonance imaging.

Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, Osteoarthritis Research Society

PubMedID: 26067517

Ashinsky BG, Coletta CE, Bouhrara M, Lukas VA, Boyle JM, Reiter DA, Neu CP, Goldberg IG, Spencer RG. Machine learning classification of OARSI-scored human articular cartilage using magnetic resonance imaging. Osteoarthr Cartil. 2015;.
OBJECTIVE
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ability of machine learning to discriminate between magnetic resonance images (MRI) of normal and pathological human articular cartilage obtained under standard clinical conditions.

METHOD
An approach to MRI classification of cartilage degradation is proposed using pattern recognition and multivariable regression in which image features from MRIs of histologically scored human articular cartilage plugs were computed using weighted neighbor distance using compound hierarchy of algorithms representing morphology (WND-CHRM). The WND-CHRM method was first applied to several clinically available MRI scan types to perform binary classification of normal and osteoarthritic osteochondral plugs based on the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) histological system. In addition, the image features computed from WND-CHRM were used to develop a multiple linear least-squares regression model for classification and prediction of an OARSI score for each cartilage plug.

RESULTS
The binary classification of normal and osteoarthritic plugs yielded results of limited quality with accuracies between 36% and 70%. However, multiple linear least-squares regression successfully predicted OARSI scores and classified plugs with accuracies as high as 86%. The present results improve upon the previously-reported accuracy of classification using average MRI signal intensities and parameter values.

CONCLUSION
MRI features detected by WND-CHRM reflect cartilage degradation status as assessed by OARSI histologic grading. WND-CHRM is therefore of potential use in the clinical detection and grading of osteoarthritis.