Renin-Angiotensin System Antagonists in Patients Without Left Ventricular Dysfunction After Percutaneous Intervention for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

The American journal of cardiology

PubMedID: 26081065

Parashar A, Agarwal S, Krishnaswamy A, Garg A, Poddar KL, Sud K, Ellis S, Tuzcu EM, Kapadia SR. Renin-Angiotensin System Antagonists in Patients Without Left Ventricular Dysfunction After Percutaneous Intervention for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Am J Cardiol. 2015;.
There is a paucity of evidence on the impact of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) on long-term outcomes in patients with ejection fraction (EF) >40% after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We compared long-term all-cause mortality between patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >40% discharged on ACEi/ARB with patients who were discharged on neither of these agents. Patients discharged after percutaneous intervention for STEMI from our catheterization laboratories from January 2002 to December 2011 were considered for inclusion. Patients were excluded if they had LVEF <40% or chronic kidney disease or hypotension (systolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg any time after the procedure). Long-term mortality and discharge medications were determined using the Social Security Death Index and electronic medical record review, respectively. A total of 988 patients were included. The median follow-up duration was 4. 6 years. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed no significant difference in long-term all-cause mortality in patients discharged on ACEi/ARB compared with those who were not discharged on these medications. The number needed to treat to prevent 1 death at 1 year was 714. In addition, multivariable Cox proportional hazard modeling failed to demonstrate any beneficial effect of ACEi/ARB similar to Kaplan-Meir analysis (hazard ratio 0. 88, 95% confidence interval 0. 57 to 1. 36). In conclusion, we found no significant benefit in long-term mortality using ACEi/ARB in patients with LVEF >40% after primary percutaneous coronary intervention for STEMI.