Genetic association between VEGF polymorphisms and BRONJ in the Korean population.

Oral diseases

PubMedID: 26086871

Choi H, Lee JH, Lee JH, Kim JH. Genetic association between VEGF polymorphisms and BRONJ in the Korean population. Oral Dis. 2015;.
OBJECTIVES
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphisms and bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) in the Korean population.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS
Forty-five individuals (2 men, 43 women; mean age: 68.7 ± 12.3 years) were recruited for this study. All visited the Yonsei University Dental Hospital for surgical intervention from January 2012 to January 2013 and had a history of bisphosphonate (BP) administration (oral and/or intravenous). Patients were allocated to case (n = 26) or control (n = 19) groups according to the patients' selection criteria. Association between three VEGF single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs699947 (-2578 C>A), rs2010963 (-634 G>C) and rs3025039 (+936 C>T)) and BRONJ were investigated using multiple logistic regression analysis and Fisher's exact test where appropriate (a = 0.05).

RESULTS
The CC homozygotes of rs2010963 and rs3025039 of VEGF gene were associated with an increased risk of BRONJ (P = 0.04, 0.03, respectively). In haplotype analysis, no differences in haplotype C-C (-2578/-634) and haplotype C-C-C (-2578/-634/+936) were observed.

CONCLUSION
The CC homozygotes of rs2010963 and rs3025039 polymorphisms in the VEGF gene were associated with an increased risk of BRONJ in the Korean population. Further epidemiological cohort studies with a larger sample size would be required to confirm the suggestive correlations.