Factors associated with a vicious cycle involving a low nephron number, hypertension and chronic kidney disease.

Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension

PubMedID: 26084263

Kanzaki G, Tsuboi N, Haruhara K, Koike K, Ogura M, Shimizu A, Yokoo T. Factors associated with a vicious cycle involving a low nephron number, hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Hypertens Res. 2015;.
It has been reported that there is substantial variation in the nephron number between individuals. Previous studies using autopsy kidneys have demonstrated that a low nephron number, in relation to a low birth weight, may result in hypertension (HTN) and/or chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, recent studies have revealed that the association between a low nephron number and HTN is not a universal finding. This observation indicates that a low nephron number is unlikely to be the sole factor contributing to an elevated blood pressure. In addition to the nephron number, various genetic and congenital factors may contribute to increased susceptibility to HTN and/or CKD in a complex manner. Acquired factors, including aging, obesity and related metabolic abnormalities, and various causes of renal injury, may additionally promote further nephron loss. Such a vicious cycle may induce HTN and/or CKD via the common mechanisms of renal hemodynamic maladaptation.