Evaluating the accuracy of the XVI dual registration tool compared with manual soft tissue matching to localise tumour volumes for post-prostatectomy patients receiving radiotherapy.

Journal of medical imaging and radiation oncology

PubMedID: 26109083

Campbell A, Owen R, Brown E, Pryor D, Bernard A, Lehman M. Evaluating the accuracy of the XVI dual registration tool compared with manual soft tissue matching to localise tumour volumes for post-prostatectomy patients receiving radiotherapy. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 2015;.
INTRODUCTION
Cone beam computerised tomography (CBCT) enables soft tissue visualisation to optimise matching in the post-prostatectomy setting, but is associated with inter-observer variability. This study assessed the accuracy and consistency of automated soft tissue localisation using XVI's dual registration tool (DRT).

METHODS
Sixty CBCT images from ten post-prostatectomy patients were matched using: (i) the DRT and (ii) manual soft tissue registration by six radiation therapists (RTs). Shifts in the three Cartesian planes were recorded. The accuracy of the match was determined by comparing shifts to matches performed by two genitourinary radiation oncologists (ROs). A Bland-Altman method was used to assess the 95% levels of agreement (LoA). A clinical threshold of 3?mm was used to define equivalence between methods of matching.

RESULTS
The 95% LoA between DRT-ROs in the superior/inferior, left/right and anterior/posterior directions were -2.21 to +3.18?mm, -0.77 to +0.84?mm, and -1.52 to +4.12?mm, respectively. The 95% LoA between RTs-ROs in the superior/inferior, left/right and anterior/posterior directions were -1.89 to +1.86?mm, -0.71 to +0.62?mm and -2.8 to +3.43?mm, respectively. Five DRT CBCT matches (8.33%) were outside the 3-mm threshold, all in the setting of bladder underfilling or rectal gas. The mean time for manual matching was 82 versus 65?s for DRT.

CONCLUSIONS
XVI's DRT is comparable with RTs manually matching soft tissue on CBCT. The DRT can minimise RT inter-observer variability; however, involuntary bladder and rectal filling can influence the tools accuracy, highlighting the need for RT evaluation of the DRT match.