Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction to Formate Using a Mn(I) Molecular Catalyst in a Robust Metal-Organic Framework.

Inorganic chemistry

PubMedID: 26135673

Fei H, Sampson MD, Lee Y, Kubiak CP, Cohen SM. Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction to Formate Using a Mn(I) Molecular Catalyst in a Robust Metal-Organic Framework. Inorg Chem. 2015;.
A manganese bipyridine complex, Mn(bpydc)(CO)3Br (bpydc = 5,5'-dicarboxylate-2,2'-bipyridine), has been incorporated into a highly robust Zr(IV)-based metal-organic framework (MOF) for use as a CO2 reduction photocatalyst. In conjunction with [Ru(dmb)3](2+) (dmb = 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine) as a photosensitizer and 1-benzyl-1,4-dihydronicotinamide (BNAH) as a sacrificial reductant, Mn-incorporated MOFs efficiently catalyze CO2 reduction to formate in DMF/triethanolamine under visible-light irradiation. The photochemical performance of the Mn-incorporated MOF reached a turnover number of approximately 110 in 18 h, exceeding that of the homogeneous reference systems. The increased activity of the MOF-incorporated Mn catalyst is ascribed to the struts of the framework providing isolated active sites, which stabilize the catalyst and inhibit dimerization of the singly reduced Mn complex. The MOF catalyst largely retained its crystallinity throughout prolonged catalysis and was successfully reused over several catalytic runs.