Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for refractory radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis.

International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association

PubMedID: 26146963

Ribeiro de Oliveira TM, Carmelo Romão AJ, Gamito Guerreiro FM, Matos Lopes TM. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for refractory radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis. Int J Urol. 2015;.
OBJECTIVES
To analyze the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen for the treatment of radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis and to identify factors associated with successful treatment.

METHODS
Clinical records from 176 patients with refractory radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis treated at the Portuguese Navy Center for Underwater and Hyperbaric Medicine, during a 15-year period, were retrospectively analyzed. Evolution of macroscopic hematuria was used to analyze treatment efficacy and correlated with other external variables.

RESULTS
From a total of 176 treated patients, 23.9% evidenced other radiation-induced soft tissue lesions. After an average on 37 sessions, 89.8% of patients showed resolution of hematuria, with only 1.7% of adverse events. In our sample, hematuria resolution after treatment with hyperbaric oxygen was statistically associated to the need for transfusion therapy (P = 0.026) and the number of sessions of hyperbaric oxygen (P = 0.042). No relationship was found with the remaining variables.

CONCLUSIONS
Refractory radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis can be successfully and safely treated with hyperbaric oxygen. Treatment effectiveness seems to be correlated with the need for transfusion therapy and the number of sessions performed.