The C-terminal domains of two homologous Oleaceae ß-1,3-glucanases recognise carbohydrates differently: Laminarin binding by NMR.

Archives of biochemistry and biophysics

PubMedID: 26151774

Zamora-Carreras H, Torres M, Bustamante N, Macedo AL, Rodríguez R, Villalba M, Bruix M. The C-terminal domains of two homologous Oleaceae ß-1,3-glucanases recognise carbohydrates differently: Laminarin binding by NMR. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2015;58093-101.
Ole e 9 and Fra e 9 are two allergenic ß-1,3-glucanases from olive and ash tree pollens, respectively. Both proteins present a modular structure with a catalytic N-terminal domain and a carbohydrate-binding module (CBM) at the C-terminus. Despite their significant sequence resemblance, they differ in some functional properties, such as their catalytic activity and the carbohydrate-binding ability. Here, we have studied the different capability of the recombinant C-terminal domain of both allergens to bind laminarin by NMR titrations, binding assays and ultracentrifugation. We show that rCtD-Ole e 9 has a higher affinity for laminarin than rCtD-Fra e 9. The complexes have different exchange regimes on the NMR time scale in agreement with the different affinity for laminarin observed in the biochemical experiments. Utilising NMR chemical shift perturbation data, we show that only one side of the protein surface is affected by the interaction and that the binding site is located in the inter-helical region between a1 and a2, which is buttressed by aromatic side chains. The binding surface is larger in rCtD-Ole e 9 which may account for its higher affinity for laminarin relative to rCtD-Fra e 9.