Determination of Bedaquiline in Human Serum Using Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry.

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy

PubMedID: 26149993

Alffenaar JC, Bolhuis M, van Hateren K, Sturkenboom M, Akkerman O, de Lange W, Greijdanus B, van der Werf T, Touw D. Determination of Bedaquiline in Human Serum Using Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015;.
Bedaquiline, a diarylquinoline for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB), relies on exposure-dependent killing. As data on drug exposure in specific populations are scarce, pharmacokinetic studies may be of interest. No simple and robust validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method has been reported to date. Therefore, a new method using a quadrupole mass spectrometer was developed for analysis of bedaquiline and N-monodesmethyl bedaquiline (M2) in human serum, using deuterated bedaquiline as the internal standard. The calibration curve was linear over a range of 0. 05 (lower limit of quantification [LLOQ]) to 6. 00 mg/liter for both bedaquiline and M2, with correlation coefficient values of 0. 997 and 0. 999, respectively. The calculated accuracy ranged from 1. 9% to 13. 6% for bedaquiline and 2. 9% to 8. 5% for M2. Within-run precision ranged from 3. 0% to 7. 2% for bedaquiline and 3. 1% to 5. 2% for M2, and between-run precision ranged from 0. 0% to 4. 3% for bedaquiline and 0. 0% to 4. 6% for M2. Evaluation of serum concentrations in a patient receiving bedaquiline showed high levels at the end of treatment, reflecting accumulation of the drug. More observational pharmacokinetic data are needed to relate altered drug concentrations to clinical outcome or adverse drug effects. A simple LC-MS/MS method to quantify bedaquiline and M2 levels in human serum using a deuterated internal standard has been validated. This method can be used in clinical studies and daily practice.