Studies on the Reaction of Iron(II) with NO in a Noncoordinating Ionic Liquid.

Inorganic chemistry

PubMedID: 26153662

Begel S, Puchta R, Sutter J, Heinemann FW, Dahlenburg L, Eldik RV. Studies on the Reaction of Iron(II) with NO in a Noncoordinating Ionic Liquid. Inorg Chem. 2015;54(14):6763-75.
In an earlier study we investigated the reaction of iron(II) chloride with NO in a strongly coordinating ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dicyanamide [emim][dca] and showed that the actual reactive species in solution was [Fe(II)(dca)5Cl](4-). For the present report we investigated in detail how this reaction could proceed in a noncoordinating ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethylsulfonate [emim][OTf]. The donor ability of OTf(-) is much lower than that of dca(-), such that the solubility of FeCl2 in [emim][OTf] strongly depended on other donors like water or chloride ions present or added to the ionic liquid. On increasing the chloride concentration in [emim][OTf], the tetrachloridoferrate complex [emim]2[FeCl4] was formed, as verified by X-ray crystallography. This complex undergoes reversible binding of NO, for which the UV-vis spectral characteristics of the green-brown nitrosyl product resembled that found for the corresponding nitrosyl complexes formed in water and [emim][dca] as solvents. A detailed analysis of the spectra revealed that the {Fe-NO}(7) species has Fe(II)-NO(•) character in contrast to Fe(III)-NO(-) as found for the other solvents. The formation constant, however, is much higher than in [emim][dca], lying closer to the value found for water as solvent. Surprisingly, the Mössbauer spectrum found in [emim][OTf] is very unusual and unsimilar to that found in water and [emim][dca] as solvents, pointing at a different electron density distribution between Fe and NO in {Fe-NO}. 7 First, the high isomer shift points to the presence of iron(II) species in solution, thus indicating that upon NO binding no oxidation to iron(III) occurs. Second, the negligible quadrupole splitting suggests a high local symmetry around the iron center. The nitrosyl product is suggested to be [Fe(II)Cl3NO](-), which is supported by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and IR measurements. The nature of the Fe(II) complexes formed in [emim][OTf] depends on the additives required to dissolve FeCl2 in this ionic liquid.