Clostridium difficile infections before and during use of ultraviolet disinfection.

American journal of infection control

PubMedID: 26159499

Nagaraja A, Visintainer P, Haas JP, Menz J, Wormser GP, Montecalvo MA. Clostridium difficile infections before and during use of ultraviolet disinfection. Am J Infect Control. 2015;.
BACKGROUND
We previously reported a significant decrease in hospital-acquired (HA) Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) coincident with the introduction of pulsed xenon ultraviolet light for room disinfection (UVD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate CDI cases in greater detail to understand the effect of UVD.

METHODS
CDI rates (HA and community acquired [CA]), CDI patient length of stay, room occupancy, and number of days between a CDI case in a room and an HA CDI case in the same room were studied for the first year of UVD compared with the 1-year period pre-UVD.

RESULTS
Compared with pre-UVD, during UVD, HA CDI was 22% less (P = .06). There was a 70% decrease for the adult intensive care units (ICUs) (P < .001), where the percentage of room discharges with UVD was greater (P < .001). During UVD, CA CDI increased by 18%, and length of stay of all CDI cases was lower because of the greater proportion of CA CDI. No significant difference was found in days to HA CDI in rooms with a prior CDI occupant.

CONCLUSION
These data suggest that UVD contributed to a reduction in ICU-acquired CDI where UVD was used for a larger proportion of discharges. Evaluation of UVD should include data for hospitalized CA CDI cases because these cases may impact the HA CDI rate.