Lysozyme- and chitinase activity in latex bearing plants of genus Euphorbia - A contribution to plant defense mechanism.

Plant physiology and biochemistry : PPB / Societe francaise de physiologie vegetale

PubMedID: 26184089

Sytwala S, Günther F, Melzig MF. Lysozyme- and chitinase activity in latex bearing plants of genus Euphorbia - A contribution to plant defense mechanism. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2015;9535-40.
Occurrence of latices in plants is widespread, there are 40 families of plants characterized to establish lactiferous structures. Latices exhibit a constitutive part of plant defense due to the stickiness. The appearance of proteins incorporated in latices is well characterized, and hydrolytic active proteins are considerable. A lot of plants constitute so-called pathogenesis-related (PR) proteins, to overcome stressful conditions. In our investigation we are focused on latex bearing plants of Euphorbiaceae Juss. , and investigated the appearance of chitinase- and lysozyme activity in particular. The present outcomes represent a comprehensive study, relating to the occurrence of lysozyme and chitinase activity of genus Euphorbia at the first time. 110 different species of genus Euphorbia L. were tested, and the appearance of chitinase and lysozyme were determined in different quantities. The appearance itself, and the physicochemical properties of latices indicate an efficient interaction for plant defense against pathogen attack.