Impact of hand hygiene on the infectious risk in nursing home residents: A systematic review.

American journal of infection control

PubMedID: 26184767

Hocine MN, Temime L. Impact of hand hygiene on the infectious risk in nursing home residents: A systematic review. Am J Infect Control. 2015;.
BACKGROUND
In nursing homes, the infectious risk is high, making infection control using approaches such as hand hygiene (HH) a major issue. However, the effectiveness of HH in these settings is not well documented, and HH compliance is low.

METHODS
We systematically searched PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Clinical Trials for studies in nursing homes that either described a HH-related intervention or assessed HH compliance and included a measured infectious outcome. Two reviewers independently performed the study selection.

RESULTS
Fifty-six studies met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Most were outbreak reports (39%), followed by observational studies (23%), controlled trials (23%), and before-after intervention studies (14%). Thirty-five studies (63%) reported results in favor of HH on at least one of their outcome measures; in addition, the infection control success rate was higher when at least one HH-related intervention (eg, staff education on HH, increased availability of handrub solution) was included (70% vs 30% for no intervention). However, only 25% of randomized trials concluded that HH-related interventions led to a reduction in the infectious risk.

CONCLUSION
The results of this systematic review suggest that more evidence on HH effectiveness in nursing homes is needed. Future interventional studies should enhance methodologic rigor using clearly defined outcome measures, standardized reporting of findings, and a relevant HH observation tool.