Incidence and Clinical Impact of Stent Fracture After PROMUS Element Platinum Chromium Everolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation.

JACC. Cardiovascular interventions

PubMedID: 26210803

Kuramitsu S, Hiromasa T, Enomoto S, Shinozaki T, Iwabuchi M, Mazaki T, Domei T, Yamaji K, Soga Y, Hyodo M, Shirai S, Ando K. Incidence and Clinical Impact of Stent Fracture After PROMUS Element Platinum Chromium Everolimus-Eluting Stent Implantation. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2015;.
OBJECTIVES
This study sought to assess the incidence and clinical impact of stent fracture (SF) after the PROMUS Element platinum-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (PtCr-EES).

BACKGROUND
SF remains an unresolved, clinically relevant issue, even in the newer-generation drug-eluting stent era.

METHODS
From March 2012 to August 2013, 816 patients with 1,094 lesions were treated only with PtCr-EES and 700 patients (85.7%) with 898 lesions undergoing follow-up angiography within 9 months after the index procedure were analyzed. SF was defined as complete or partial separation of the stent, as assessed by plain fluoroscopy, intravascular ultrasound, or optical coherence tomography during the follow-up. We assessed the rate of SF and the cumulative incidence of clinically driven target lesion revascularization and definite stent thrombosis within 9 months after the index procedure.

RESULTS
SF was observed in 16 of 898 lesions (1.7%) and 16 of 700 patients (2.2%). Lesions with in-stent restenosis at baseline (odds ratio [OR]: 14.2, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 5.09 to 39.7; p < 0.001) or hinge motion (OR: 4.31, 95% CI: 1.12 to 16.5; p = 0.03), and total stent length (per 10-mm increase; OR: 1.32, 95% CI: 1.12 to 1.57; p = 0.001) were predictors of SF. Cumulative incidence of clinically driven target lesion revascularization within 9-months was numerically higher in the SF group than that in the non-SF group (18.7% vs. 2.3%). Cumulative incidence of definite stent thrombosis within 9 months after the index procedure was similar between the SF and non-SF groups (0.0% vs. 0.23%).

CONCLUSIONS
SF after PtCr-EES occurs in 1.7% of lesions and appears to be associated with clinically driven target lesion revascularization.