Recombinant Newcastle disease virus-vectored vaccines against human and animal infectious diseases.

Future microbiology

PubMedID: 26234909

Duan Z, Xu H, Ji X, Zhao J. Recombinant Newcastle disease virus-vectored vaccines against human and animal infectious diseases. Future Microbiol. 2015;1-17.
Recent advances in recombinant genetic engineering techniques have brought forward a leap in designing new vaccines in modern medicine. One attractive strategy is the application of reverse genetics technology to make recombinant Newcastle disease virus (rNDV) deliver protective antigens of pathogens. In recent years, numerous studies have demonstrated that rNDV-vectored vaccines can induce quicker and better humoral and mucosal immune responses than conventional vaccines and are protective against pathogen challenges. With deeper understanding of NDV molecular biology, it is feasible to develop gene-modified rNDV vaccines accompanied by good safety, high efficacy, low toxicity and better immunogenicity. This review summarizes the development of reverse genetics technology in using NDV as a promising vaccine vector to design new vaccines for human and animal use.