Pro-apoptotic and Growth-inhibitory Effect of IFN-ß-Overexpressing Canine Adipose Tissue-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Against Melanoma Cells.

Anticancer research

PubMedID: 26254365

Han SM, Park CW, Ahn JO, Park SC, Jung WS, Seo KW, Ra JC, Kang SK, Lee HW, Youn HY. Pro-apoptotic and Growth-inhibitory Effect of IFN-ß-Overexpressing Canine Adipose Tissue-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Against Melanoma Cells. Anticancer Res. 2015;35(9):4749-56.
BACKGROUND
Canine melanoma is the most common type of tumor in dogs. We investigated the effects of canine interferon-beta (cIFN-ß)-overexpressing adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (cATMSCs) on apoptosis and proliferation of canine melanoma cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Expression of IFN-ß in cATMSCs was confirmed using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme linked immunosorbent assays. Flow cytometry was performed for cell-cycle analysis and apoptotic cell quantification of LMeC (melanoma) cells. Protein expression of cyclin D1, procaspase-3, activated caspase-3, and Bcl-2 homologous antagonist killer (Bak) was evaluated by western blot analysis.

RESULTS
Decreased proportions of cells in S- and G0/G1 phases were observed in parallel with decreased cyclin D1 expression in LMeC cells treated with cIFN-ß-cATMSC-conditioned media. Protein expression of active forms of caspase 3 and Bak increased in response to treatment with cIFN-ß-cATMSC-conditioned media.

CONCLUSION
IFN-ß overexpression by cATMSCs was associated with pro-apoptotic and growth-inhibitory effects on canine melanoma cells. The antitumor effects of these cells have therapeutic potential for the treatment of canine melanoma.