Dielectric Investigation of Parylene D Thin Films: Relaxation and Conduction Mechanisms.

The journal of physical chemistry. A

PubMedID: 26274581

Mokni M, Kahouli A, Jomni F, Garden JL, Andre E, Sylvestre A. Dielectric Investigation of Parylene D Thin Films: Relaxation and Conduction Mechanisms. J Phys Chem A. 2015;.
Parylene is a generic name indicating a family of polymers with the basic chemical structure of poly-p-xylylene. Parylene N and Parylene C are the most popular for applications. Curiously, Parylene D (poly( dichloro-p-xylylene), (C8H6Cl2)) was forgotten for applications. This report is the consequence of a later availability of a commercial dimer of Parylene D and also to the recent advent of fluorinated Parylenes allowing extending applications at higher temperatures. In our work, from a dielectric analysis, we present the potentialities of Parylene D for applications particularly interesting for integration in organic field-effect transistors. Dielectric and electrical properties, macromolecular structures, and dynamics interaction with electric field as a function of frequency and temperature are studied in 5. 8 µm thick Parylene D grown by chemical vapor deposition. More exactly, the dielectric permittivity, the dissipation factor, the electrical conductivity, and the electric modulus of Parylene D were investigated in a wide temperature and frequency ranges from -140 to +350 °C and from 0. 1 Hz to 1 MHz, respectively. According to the temperature dependence of the dielectric permittivity, Parylene D has two different dielectric responses. It is retained as a nonpolar material at very low temperature (like Parylene N) and as a polar material at high temperature (like parylene C). The dissipation factor shows the manifestation of two relaxations mechanisms: ? and ß at very low and high temperatures, respectively. The ? relaxation is assigned to the local motions of the C-H end of the chains when the cryogenic temperature range is approached. A broad peak in tan?d is assigned to the ß relaxation. It corresponds to rotational motion of some polar C-Cl groups. For temperature above 260 °C a mechanism of Maxwell-Wagner-Sillars polarization at the amorphous/crystalline interfaces was identified with two activation energies of Ea1 = 2. 12 eV and Ea2 = 3. 8 eV. Moreover, the conductivity and the dielectric permittivity relaxation processes have been discussed in terms of nearly constant loss (NCL) and universal dynamic regime (UDR). Finally, ionic conduction and electrode polarization effects are identified at very high temperatures and their physical origins are discussed.