Human Vection Perception Using Inertial Nulling and Certainty Estimation: The Effect of Migraine History.

PloS one

PubMedID: 26280172

Miller MA, O'Leary CJ, Allen PD, Crane BT. Human Vection Perception Using Inertial Nulling and Certainty Estimation: The Effect of Migraine History. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(8):e0135335.
Vection is an illusory perception of self-motion that can occur when visual motion fills the majority of the visual field. This study examines the effect of the duration of visual field movement (VFM) on the perceived strength of self-motion using an inertial nulling (IN) and a magnitude estimation technique based on the certainty that motion occurred (certainty estimation, CE). These techniques were then used to investigate the association between migraine diagnosis and the strength of perceived vection. Visual star-field stimuli consistent with either looming or receding motion were presented for 1, 4, 8 or 16s. SUBJECTS
reported the perceived direction of self-motion during the final 1s of the stimulus.For the IN method, an inertial nulling motion was delivered during this final 1s of the visual stimulus, and subjects reported the direction of perceived self-motion during this final second. The magnitude of inertial motion was varied adaptively to determine the point of subjective equality (PSE) at which forward or backward responses were equally likely. For the CE trials the same range of VFM was used but without inertial motion and subjects rated their certainty of motion on a scale of 0-100. PSE determined with the IN technique depended on direction and duration of visual motion and the CE technique showed greater certainty of perceived vection with longer VFM duration. A strong correlation between CE and IN techniques was present for the 8s stimulus. There was appreciable between-subject variation in both CE and IN techniques and migraine was associated with significantly increased perception of self-motion by CE and IN at 8 and 16s. Together, these results suggest that vection may be measured by both CE and IN techniques with good correlation.

THE RESULTS
also suggest that susceptibility to vection may be higher in subjects with a history of migraine.