Preliminary Reliability and Validity of an Exercise Benefits and Barriers for Stroke Prevention Scale in an African American Sample.

Journal of nursing measurement

PubMedID: 26284846

Aycock DM, Clark PC. Preliminary Reliability and Validity of an Exercise Benefits and Barriers for Stroke Prevention Scale in an African American Sample. J Nurs Meas. 2015;23(2):350-60.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
African Americans are at heightened risk of first stroke, and regular exercise can reduce stroke risk. Benefits and barriers to exercise subscales from 2 instruments were combined to create the Exercise Benefits and Barriers for Stroke Prevention (EBBSP) scale.

METHODS
Reliability and validity of the EBBSP scale were examined in a nonrandom sample of 66 African Americans who were primarily female, average age 43.3 ± 9.4 years, and high school graduates.

RESULTS
Both subscales had adequate internal consistency reliability. Factor analysis revealed two factors for each subscale. More benefits and fewer perceived barriers were significantly related to current exercise and future intentions to exercise.

CONCLUSIONS
The EBBSP scale may be useful in research focused on understanding, predicting, and promoting exercise for stroke prevention in adults.