Expedited quantification of mutant ribosomal RNA by binary deoxyribozyme (BiDz) sensors.

RNA (New York, N.Y.)

PubMedID: 26289345

Gerasimova YV, Yakovchuk P, Dedkova LM, Hecht SM, Kolpashchikov DM. Expedited quantification of mutant ribosomal RNA by binary deoxyribozyme (BiDz) sensors. RNA. 2015;.
Mutations in ribosomal RNA (rRNA) have traditionally been detected by the primer extension assay, which is a tedious and multistage procedure. Here, we describe a simple and straightforward fluorescence assay based on binary deoxyribozyme (BiDz) sensors. The assay uses two short DNA oligonucleotides that hybridize specifically to adjacent fragments of rRNA, one of which contains a mutation site. This hybridization results in the formation of a deoxyribozyme catalytic core that produces the fluorescent signal and amplifies it due to multiple rounds of catalytic action. This assay enables us to expedite semi-quantification of mutant rRNA content in cell cultures starting from whole cells, which provides information useful for optimization of culture preparation prior to ribosome isolation. The method requires less than a microliter of a standard Escherichia coli cell culture and decreases analysis time from several days (for primer extension assay) to 1. 5 h with hands-on time of ~10 min. It is sensitive to single-nucleotide mutations. The new assay simplifies the preliminary analysis of RNA samples and cells in molecular biology and cloning experiments and is promising in other applications where fast detection/quantification of specific RNA is required.