Targeting breast cancer with sugar-coated carbon nanotubes.

Nanomedicine (London, England)

PubMedID: 26296098

Fahrenholtz CD, Hadimani M, King SB, Torti SV, Singh R. Targeting breast cancer with sugar-coated carbon nanotubes. Nanomedicine (Lond). 2015;10(16):2481-97.
AIMS
To evaluate the use of glucosamine functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (glyco-MWCNTs) for breast cancer targeting.

MATERIALS & METHODS
Two types of glucosamine functionalized MWCNTs were developed (covalently linked glucosamine and non-covalently phospholipid-glucosamine coated) and evaluated for their potential to bind and target breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo.

RESULTS & CONCLUSION
Binding of glyco-MWCNTs in breast cancer cells is mediated by specific interaction with glucose transporters. Glyco-MWCNTs prepared by non-covalent coating with phospholipid-glucosamine displayed an extended blood circulation time, delayed urinary clearance, low tissue retention and increased breast cancer tumor accumulation in vivo. These studies lay the foundation for development of a cancer diagnostic agent based upon glyco-MWCNTs with the potential for superior accuracy over current radiopharmaceuticals.