Dust acoustic waves in three-dimensional complex plasmas with a similarity property.

Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics

PubMedID: 26382536

Zhukhovitskii DI. Dust acoustic waves in three-dimensional complex plasmas with a similarity property. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2015;92(2-1):023108.
Dust acoustic waves in the bulk of a dust cloud in complex plasma of low-pressure gas discharge under microgravity conditions are considered. The complex plasma is assumed to conform to the ionization equation of state (IEOS) developed in our previous study. This equation implies the ionization similarity of plasmas. We find singular points of IEOS that determine the behavior of the sound velocity in different regions of the cloud. The fluid approach is utilized to deduce the wave equation that includes the neutral drag term. It is shown that the sound velocity is fully defined by the particle compressibility, which is calculated on the basis of the used IEOS. The sound velocities and damping rates calculated for different three-dimensional complex plasmas both in ac and dc discharges demonstrate a good correlation with experimental data that are within the limits of validity of the theory. The theory provides interpretation for the observed independence of the sound velocity on the coordinate and for a weak dependence on the particle diameter and gas pressure. Predictive estimates are made for the ongoing PK-4 experiment.