Conformational Features of Benzo-homologated yDNA Duplexes by Molecular Dynamics Simulation.

Biopolymers

PubMedID: 26385415

Aparna P, Varughese M, Varghese MK, Haris P, Sudarsanakumar C. Conformational Features of Benzo-homologated yDNA Duplexes by Molecular Dynamics Simulation. Biopolymers. 2015;.
yDNA is a base modified nucleic acid duplex containing size-expanded nucleobases. Base modified nucleic acids could expand the genetic alphabet and thereby enhance the functional potential of DNA. Unrestrained 100 ns MD simulations were performed in explicit solvent on the yDNA NMR sequence [5'(yA T yA yA T yA T T yA T)2 ] and two modelled yDNA duplexes, [5'(yC yC G yC yC G G yC G G)2 ] and [(yT5' G yT A yC yG C yA yG T3')•(yA5' C T C yG C G yT A yC A3')]. The force field parameters for the yDNA bases were derived in consistent with the well established AMBER force field. Our results show that DNA backbone can withstand the stretched size of the bases retaining the Watson-Crick base pairing in the duplexes. The duplexes retained their double helical structure throughout the simulations accommodating the strain due to expanded bases in the backbone torsion angles, sugar pucker and helical parameters. The effect of the benzo-expansion is clearly reflected in the extended C1'-C1' distances and enlarged groove widths. The size expanded base modification leads to reduction in base pair twist resulting in larger overlapping area between the stacked bases, enhancing inter and intra strand stacking interactions in yDNA in comparison with BDNA. This geometry could favour enhanced interactions with the groove binders and DNA binding proteins. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.