Serial interferon-gamma release assays for latent tuberculosis in dialysis patients with end stage renal disease in a Korean population.

BMC infectious diseases

PubMedID: 26392175

Lee SH, Kim HJ, Park SJ, Kim TH, Park SJ, Kang SW, Kim YH, Menzies D. Serial interferon-gamma release assays for latent tuberculosis in dialysis patients with end stage renal disease in a Korean population. BMC Infect Dis. 2015;15(1):381.
BACKGROUND
Serial interferon-gamma-release-assay (IGRA) result can show variance due to within-subject variation and difference in host immune status, and may be affected by latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) treatment. We aimed to know the changes in QFT-IT (QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube) results measured at a 4 month interval in end stage renal disease patients and whether these changes were influenced by dialysis method or LTBI treatment.

METHODS
We prospectively performed serial QFT-IT tests at 4 month interval in 93 end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on HD (hemodialysis) or PD (peritoneal dialysis). LTBI treatment was given to 18 of 39 patients with initial positive QFT-IT result. Agreement between the two results was estimated for all 93 patients and reversion rates were estimated among the 39 patients with initial positive QFT-IT.

RESULTS
Positive QFT-IT at the first and 2(nd) tests were 41.9 and 34.4 %, respectively. The concordance rate between baseline QFT-IT and 2(nd) QFT in 93 ESRD patients was excellent (90.3 %, kappa?=?0.80, p?
CONCLUSIONS
In a group of 93 dialyzed ESRD patients 8.6 % showed reversion of initial positive QFT to negative within 4 months. Reversion seemed not to be associated with LTBI treatment. Further study with larger numbers of patients is needed to investigate the variation of QFT-IT tests in dialyzed ESRD patients.