Application of 3D reconstruction for surgical treatment of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.

World journal of gastroenterology : WJG

PubMedID: 26401085

He YB, Bai L, Aji T, Jiang Y, Zhao JM, Zhang JH, Shao YM, Liu WY, Wen H. Application of 3D reconstruction for surgical treatment of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. World J Gastroenterol. 2015;21(35):10200-7.
AIM
To evaluate the reliability and accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction for liver resection in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE).

METHODS
One-hundred and six consecutive patients with HAE underwent hepatectomy at our hospital between May 2011 and January 2015. Fifty-nine patients underwent preoperative 3D reconstruction and "virtual" 3D liver resection before surgery (Group A). Another 47 patients used conventional imaging methods for preoperative assessment (Group B). Outcomes of hepatectomy were compared between the two groups.

RESULTS
There was no significant difference in preoperative data between the two groups. Compared with patients in Group B, those in Group A had a significantly shorter operation time (227.1 ± 51.4 vs 304.6 ± 88.1 min; P < 0.05), less intraoperative blood loss (308.1 ± 135.4 vs 458.1 ± 175.4 mL; P < 0.05), and lower requirement for intraoperative blood transfusion (186.4 ± 169.6 vs 289.4 ± 199.2 mL; P < 0.05). Estimated resection liver volumes in both groups had good correlation with actual graft weight (Group A: r = 0.978; Group B: r = 0.960). There was a significant higher serum level of albumin in Group A (26.3 ± 5.9 vs 22.6 ± 4.3 g/L, P < 0.05). Other postoperative laboratory parameters (serum levels of aminotransferase and bilirubin; prothrombin time) and duration of postoperative hospital stay were similar. Sixteen complications occurred in Group A and 19 in Group B. All patients were followed for 3-46 (mean, 17.3) mo. There was no recurrence of lesions in Group A, but two recurrences in Group B. There were three deaths: two from cerebrovascular accident, and one from car accident.

CONCLUSION
3D reconstruction provides comprehensive and precise anatomical information for the liver. It also improves the chance of success and reduces the risk of hepatectomy in HAE.