Methodology of quantifying curvature of Fresnel lenses and its effect on CPV module performance.

Optics express

PubMedID: 26406733

Herrero R, Domínguez C, Askins S, Antón I, Sala G. Methodology of quantifying curvature of Fresnel lenses and its effect on CPV module performance. Opt Express. 2015;23(19):A1030-9.
Fresnel lenses used as primary optics in concentrating photovoltaic modules may show warping produced by lens manufacturing or module assembly (e. g. , stress during molding or weight load) or due to stress during operation (e. g. , mismatch of thermal expansion between different materials). To quantify this problem, a simple method called "checkerboard method" is presented. The proposed method identifies shape errors on the front surface of primary lenses by analyzing the Fresnel reflections. This paper also deals with the quantification of the effects these curvatures have on their optical performance and on the electrical performance of concentrating modules incorporating them. This method can be used to perform quality control of Fresnel lenses in scenarios of high volume production.