Differential Inactivation of Fungal Spores in Water and on Seeds by Ozone and Arc Discharge Plasma.

PloS one

PubMedID: 26406468

Kang MH, Pengkit A, Choi K, Jeon SS, Choi HW, Shin DB, Choi EH, Uhm HS, Park G. Differential Inactivation of Fungal Spores in Water and on Seeds by Ozone and Arc Discharge Plasma. PLoS ONE. 2015;10(9):e0139263.
Seed sterilization is essential for preventing seed borne fungal diseases. Sterilization tools based on physical technologies have recently received much attention. However, available information is very limited in terms of efficiency, safety, and mode of action. In this study, we have examined antifungal activity of ozone and arc discharge plasma, potential tools for seed sterilization. In our results, ozone and arc discharge plasma have shown differential antifungal effects, depending on the environment associated with fungal spores (freely submerged in water or infected seeds). Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi (fungus causing rice bakanae disease) spores submerged in water more efficiently than arc discharge plasma. However, fungal spores associated with or infecting rice seeds are more effectively deactivated by arc discharge plasma. ROS generated in water by ozone may function as a powerful fungicidal factor. On the other hand, shockwave generated from arc discharge plasma may have greatly contributed to antifungal effects on fungus associated with rice seeds. In support of this notion, addition of ultrasonic wave in ozone generating water has greatly increased the efficiency of seed disinfection.