[Arterial pathology in migraine: endothelial dysfunction and structural changes in the brain and systemic vasculature].

Revista de neurologia

PubMedID: 26411276

Larrosa-Campo D, Ramon-Carbajo C, Alvarez-Escudero R, Cernuda-Morollon E, Garcia-Cabo C, Pascual J. [Arterial pathology in migraine: endothelial dysfunction and structural changes in the brain and systemic vasculature]. Rev Neurol. 2015;61(7):313-22.
INTRODUCTION
The pathophysiology underlying the association between migraine and other non-atherosclerotic vascular diseases is largely unknown. Endothelial dysfunction has been proposed as a common link. Besides, endothelial dysfunction is considered as a predictor of structural changes in the arterial walls.

AIM
To review the current knowledge about the functional (endothelial dysfunction) and structural (arterial stiffness and atherosclerotic diseases) arterial properties associated with migraine.

DEVELOPMENT
Studies of biological markers of endothelial dysfunction in peripheral blood, systemic and cerebral vasoreactivity, arterial stiffness indexes and direct visualization of macroscopic changes in the arterial wall have shown differences between patients with and without migraine, as well as between the different migraine subtypes.

CONCLUSIONS
Endothelial dysfunction, as a predictor of structural changes in arteries, has been proposed as an early marker for vascular pathology associated with migraine. In migraine patients there is an increase of biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction, but the correlation with vasoreactivity studies does not allow definite conclusions. Available data do not allow to conclude that migraine is associated with macroscopic alterations outside the cerebral arterial bed.