The role of nutritional interventions in increasing fruit and vegetable intake in the elderlies: a systematic review.

Aging clinical and experimental research

PubMedID: 26423564

Hazavehei SM, Afshari M. The role of nutritional interventions in increasing fruit and vegetable intake in the elderlies: a systematic review. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2016;.
BACKGROUND
The consumption of fruit and vegetables in old ages is particularly important, so that the appropriate consumption amount leads to reduction in the risk of chronic diseases. To increase consumption of fruit and vegetables and modify consumption pattern in the elderlies, training programs and appropriate intervention can be designed and implemented.

AIMS
The study was done to assess and compare nutritional intervention-based training methods and education using theories and health education models for the consumption of fruits and vegetables in the elderlies.

METHODS
Electronic search using keywords of Country Review Information Bank (Magiran), Scientific Information Database, Pub Med, Science direct, Science, Biomed central from the beginning of March 2014 to end of April 2015 was performed.

RESULTS
Ten interventional studies were assessed in this systematic study. The interventions were divided into two groups of studies, a total of five studies, theories and health education models were the basis of training intervention and the other five studies that include their interventions without the use of theories and health education models was carried out. Of ten interventional studies, three studies as before and after and seven studies as the intervention and control was performed.

DISCUSSION
The results showed that education-based theory and health education models have a greater impact on the consumption of fruit and vegetables in the elderlies.

CONCLUSIONS
The duration and interventions performing method, environmental factors and educational programs using appropriate models and theories are important on the effectiveness of interventions to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables in the elderliness.