[Cavernous hemangioma of mediastinum: a report of 10 cases].

Zhonghua yi xue za zhi

PubMedID: 26463613

Su K, Lin M, Lu H, Chen S, Liu X, Mu J, Gao S, He J. [Cavernous hemangioma of mediastinum: a report of 10 cases]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2015;95(20):1609-11.
OBJECTIVE
To explore the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of cavernous hemangioma of mediastinum (CHM).

METHODS
Retrospective analyses were performed for the clinical data of 10 CHM patients at our hospital along with a literature review.

RESULTS
The clinical symptoms and signs were nonspecific. Although computed tomography (CT) showed mediastinal cystic mass, a definite diagnosis could not be reached. Complete surgical excision was performed with a pathological confirmation of CHM. Neither recurrence nor mortality occurred during the postoperative follow-up up to 12 years.

CONCLUSIONS
CHM is rare and frequently misdiagnosed. Hypodensity or calcification inside mass on CT is diagnostic. A definite diagnosis is dependent upon typical tumor appearances and pathological report of puncture biopsy. Excision is an effective cure with a fair prognosis.