Adrenomedullin 2 (ADM2) Regulates Mucin 1 at the Maternal-Fetal Interface in Human Pregnancy.

Biology of reproduction

PubMedID: 26510869

Chauhan ML, Balakrishnan M, Chan R, Yallampalli C. Adrenomedullin 2 (ADM2) Regulates Mucin 1 at the Maternal-Fetal Interface in Human Pregnancy. Biol Reprod. 2015;.
Association of an altered expression of placental mucin 1 (MUC1) with first-trimester spontaneous abortion and its regulation in placenta by an invasion-promoting peptide, adrenomedullin 2 (ADM2), is not known. The objective of this study was to assess 1) the association of MUC1 mRNA expression in the placental villi and decidua with first-trimester spontaneous abortion, 2) the effects of ADM2 on the expression of MUC1 in trophoblast cells in the presence or absence of hypoxia, 3) the effects of ADM2 on expression of MUC1 in decidual stromal cells (DSCs), and 4) if ADM2 regulates the expression of MUC1 and MMP2 protein in trophoblastic spheroids. DATA
demonstrate that 1) expression of MUC1 mRNA in villous tissue is higher in spontaneous abortion compared to age-matched electively terminated pregnancies (P > 0.05), 2) ADM2 decreases the expression of MUC1 mRNA and protein in trophoblast cells and spheroids with concomitant increases in MMP2 immunoreactivity in the spheroids, 3) ADM2 decreases hypoxia-induced increases in MUC1 immunoreactivity in trophoblast cells, 4) decidual MUC1 mRNA expression is lower in spontaneous compared to elective abortions (P < 0. 05), and 5) DSCs express MUC1 mRNA and protein and ADM2 decreases the expression of MUC1 mRNA and protein in DSCs. Taken together, this study demonstrates that first-trimester spontaneous abortion is associated with increases in MUC1 expression in villi and decreases in the decidual tissues, and suggests that ADM2 may contribute to the physiology of embryo implantation and placental growth via increasing MMP2 and decreasing MUC1 expression to facilitate trophoblast invasion.