Role of excited state solvent fluctuations on time-dependent fluorescence Stokes shift.

The Journal of chemical physics

PubMedID: 26547170

Li T, Kumar R. Role of excited state solvent fluctuations on time-dependent fluorescence Stokes shift. J Chem Phys. 2015;143(17):174501.
We explore the connection between the solvation dynamics of a chromophore upon photon excitation and equilibrium fluctuations of the solvent. Using molecular dynamics simulations, fluorescence Stokes shift for the tryptophan in Staphylococcus nuclease was examined using both nonequilibrium calculations and linear response theory. When the perturbed and unperturbed surfaces exhibit different solvent equilibrium fluctuations, the linear response approach on the former surface shows agreement with the nonequilibrium process. This agreement is excellent when the perturbed surface exhibits Gaussian statistics and qualitative in the case of an isomerization induced non-Gaussian statistics. However, the linear response theory on the unperturbed surface breaks down even in the presence of Gaussian fluctuations. EXPERIMENTS
also provide evidence of the connection between the excited state solvent fluctuations and the total fluorescence shift.These observations indicate that the equilibrium statistics on the excited state surface characterize the relaxation dynamics of the fluorescence Stokes shift. Our studies specifically analyze the Gaussian fluctuations of the solvent in the complex protein environment and further confirm the role of solvent fluctuations on the excited state surface.

THE RESULTS
are consistent with previous investigations, found in the literature, of solutes dissolved in liquids.