Modular organization of Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-11 a-receptors.

Biochimie

PubMedID: 26551279

Nitz R, Lokau J, Aparicio-Siegmund S, Scheller J, Garbers C. Modular organization of Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-11 a-receptors. Biochimie. 2015;.
Interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-11 are the only canonical members of the IL-6 family of cytokines that induce signaling through a homodimer of the common ß-receptor glycoprotein (gp)130. A pre-requisite for signal transduction is the initial binding of the cytokines to their unique a-receptors, IL-6R and IL-11R. The cell-type specific expression of the two receptors determines the target cells of IL-6 and IL-11, because gp130 is ubiquitously expressed. However, ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and IL-27p28/IL-30 have been described as additional ligands for the IL-6R, underlining a remarkable plasticity among the cytokines of the IL-6 family and their receptors. In this study, we show that neither IL-6 nor IL-11 can bind to and signal through the a-receptor of the respective other cytokine. We further create eight chimeric IL-6/IL-11 receptors, which are all biologically active. We find that the domains D1 to D3, which contain the cytokine binding module (CBM), determine which cytokine can activate the chimeric receptor, whereas the stalk region, the transmembrane region, or the intracellular region do not participate in the ligand selectivity of the receptor and are therefore interchangeable between IL-6R and IL-11R. These results suggest a modular organization of the IL-6R and IL-11R, and a similar signal transduction complex of the two cytokines.